The Republic's Foundation "Speranta" for children of Republic Moldova

By Helping the children today, we create our future

Laws on the Rights of Children

Guaranteeing the rights of the child belongs to the global problems of our modern time, and all the world community is interested in solving them.

The definition of rights of the child logically comes from the basic ideas of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The rights of the child are a complex set of rights and freedoms, which any child (under 18 years) should have, regardless of the differences in race, sex, language, religion, nationality and other feature. And also regardless of the place of birth, social origin, property, estates, birth or other status.   The Declaration sets out a number of provisions and regulations directly relating to the rights and interests of children: the principle of equality of children, the rules on the protection of mothers and children, the protection of children from exploitation, the right of children to education.

The First children’s rights legislation was provided by the League of Nations, which worked out the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1924. The next important step was the adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the United Nations in the 1959, which were proclaimed as the social and legal principles relating to the protection and welfare of children. The child should enjoy all of the rights in the current Declaration. These rights should be recognized for all children without exceptions and without distinction or discrimination. It is necessary to  provide a special protection, opportunities and facilities for the child according to the law and by other means, to enable him to develop physically, mentally, morally and spiritually. In sociall reelation, he should grow in a healthy and normal way and in conditions of freedom and dignity. When the laws are issued for this purpose, it is important that a primary consideration should be the best interests of the child.

On the 20th of November, 1989 the United Nations’ General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child. According to the Convention, the basic principle of the protection of children's rights is the recognition of the priority of their interests to the needs of the family, society and religion. The most prominent requirement is to demand a special care for the socially vulnerable groups of children: orphans, the disabled and refugees. Recognising the child as an independent subject of right, the Convention puts forward to the States the task of preparing the child for an independent life in the society, his upbringing and education "in a spirit of peace, dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and solidarity." The Convention on the Rights of the Child - is the first international document that covers the widest range of children's rights, thanks to that, the children's rights acquired the force of international rights. Many countries have ratified the Convention (including the Republic of Moldova), in these countries the norms of the Convention automatically become compulsory.

Today's children - are the future of our country and the society. What the future of the children will be and the future of the state depends on how the issues of children’s welfare are solved in Moldova. Precisely speaking, the children, their well-being are a reflection of how prosperous a  country is, and how effective its policies are. For the harmonious development of the personality, every individual child should grow up in an atmosphere of love and kindness: in the family, among relative, friends and loving people. The task of adults - is to help the child to prepare for an independent life, to become a competent and full member of the society, to create conditions for a normal physical and intellectual development of the child.

The Protection of the children, the family and motherhood by the state and the society is of paramount importance in the Republic of Moldova. According to the law, all children have equal rights regardless of race, nationality, ethnic origin, sex, language, religion, opinion, property, estate or social origin.

The legal basis for regulating the rights of the child in the Republic of Moldova are: the Constitution of the Respublic of Moldova; the LAW of the Republic of Moldova on Citizenship № 1024-XIV from 02.06.2000; the LAW of the Republic of Moldova Nr. 338 from 15.12.1994 on the Rights of the children; the Family Code of the Republic of Moldova Nr.1316-XIV of 26.10.2000; the LAW of the Republic of Moldova on the protection of health Nr.411-XIII from 28.03.95; the LAW of the Republic of Moldova on education Nr. 547-XIII of 21.07.95.; the Civil Code of the Republic of Moldovan other legal acts.
 From the moment of birth, every child has the right to:

Live and grow up in a family.
Communicate with parents and other relatives.
Protect his own rights.
Express his opinions.
The right to a name, middle name and surname.
Changing the name and surname.
Right to property.
The right to health care and service.
The right to education and others.
If you know about cruelty to children, cases of emotional, physical or sexual abuse towards children, you can report them.
National Center of Child Abuse Prevention (for children who are victims of various forms of violence) (022) 74 88 06, 75 67 87
Municipal Office for the Protection of Children's Rights in the Chisinau City Council (022) 24 27 02
Center for Human Rights in Moldova (022) 234 800 (Chisinau)
"Hot Line" - " child’s Telephone " 0 8001 1116.